Dissertation editing

Starting a conversation about scientific editing, we will recall the text in general. The text is understood as a set of sentences, between which there is a semantic and grammatical relationship.

In practice, there are the following types of editing:

  • scientific (special);
  • literary;
  • artistic;
  • technical.

References consider editing in the format of measures to improve someone else’s text material if the latter is being prepared for printing.

In this case, we are talking about four types of editing, differing in the degree of interference in the source text:

  • editing-proofreading, i.e., verification with the original;
  • editing-reduction, without changing the meaning of the text, significantly affecting the reduction of its volume
  • editing-processing is used to improve the style of the manuscript;

Edit-rework is the processing of the original scientific text, allowing the available information to meet the list of requirements of the publisher.

There is a notion of self-editing when the author improves his text. You can write your thesis. All that is required is free time and the ability to express the material logically.

However, this is not all. Subtleties such as literacy, style, design in the framework of international norms, fall on the author.

The combination of knowledge and skills will allow bringing the material of the dissertation research to the scientific community.

Scientific Editing

For this type of verification, specialists are involved. The scientific text, in preparation for printing, is accompanied by comments.

The functions of the profile editor include actions to clarify the appropriateness of comments, their number, and volume, reliability, accuracy, and sufficiency.

Scientific editing of the thesis is unthinkable without the literary version of text processing. Literary reading, as part of the work on the thesis material, involves the processing of text, the identification, and correction of errors.

The text eliminates repetition, ambiguity, stylistic inaccuracies (a form of words, relevance), etc. This type of revision brings the available content to the best form.

Any type of editing used when working with dissertation material implies the need to study the criteria of stylistic unity, identify lexical, semantic, and other shortcomings.

All editorial activities should be oriented towards compliance with the mandatory stages of work.

Dissertation service

Asian beautiful female student study in library with laptop

Many students are faced with a situation where they need to urgently do a term paper, essay, or even a dissertation. But there will definitely be some reason that will prevent it, for example, you are working, or there are problems of a personal nature.

A diploma or dissertation is the result of all your studies in high school. Therefore, the work is quite complicated; its writing requires a lot of patience and effort, as well as time, which is particularly lacking.

In this case, many students are in a hurry to order a diploma, coursework, or dissertation to a person who is engaged in this project. However, they do not take into account that not every performer can cope with the order. After all, this will require skills, as well as an excellent ability to work with all sorts of information. Do not trust people who say they write a thesis or diploma in various disciplines. Be sure that your order will be of poor quality. After all, you must admit that, for example, a person who graduated from law school will not write a paper on medicine.

The best option for you is to contact a specializing company that provides services for writing dissertations. Specialists with higher education work in such firms, and they get the topic of writing work that is appropriate for their discipline.

How to order a dissertation in a specializing company

It is better to choose a company on the recommendation of familiar students. But there are times when there is no one to consult. Then you have to look for the performer yourself. It is advisable to contact a company that has extensive experience in writing works and has been working in the market for such services for quite a long time.

To begin with, ask if the firm gives guarantees of performance, returns money in case of non-fulfillment of the order, whether it is necessary to pay for improvements, etc.

At the time of ordering the course or diploma provide the company manager with all the necessary information on writing the work. He, in turn, will turn to the contractor to estimate the value of your future work.

How to end a research paper

Any student work ends with a conclusion. The conclusion in the research paper is substantially similar to the conclusion in other works like course papers or essays. The final conclusion in the research paper should be based on the facts and arguments set out in the central part of the work, on the considered positions of scientists and the results of experiments. The final piece of the research paper should be consistent with the elements of the expert opinion given in the text.

The conclusion in the research paper should not contain fundamentally new facts. It should have only generalizations of things mentioned earlier. The style of the conclusion should correspond to the style of the whole work. If the work is written in a dry scientific style, you should not add artistic means to the conclusion. Otherwise, it will look like a foreign, artificially attached, and not an organic continuation. Similarly, if the publicist style was taken as a basis, then the conclusion should not be significantly more strict.

The main parts are an introduction, an overview of the problem and the author’s position, argumentation of the student’s own judgment and completion. The conclusion gives the text completeness. It summarizes the result of each of the above. In this part, it is necessary to briefly and clearly mark your results and emotions. Spectacular completion contains no more than 5-6 sentences.

Experienced teachers, explaining how to complete the research paper, are advised to write it at the very end. After the work on the core part is completely finished, reread the research paper. Think about how truly and thoroughly you have expressed your thoughts.

Re-read once again observantly your research paper. There are thoughts in the whole paragraph. Write them succinctly on a piece of paper. Comprehend everything written, answer yourself the question: “What is it all about?”

Master the first method of writing a conclusion. It is allowed to begin with general phrases. Such a conclusion will only summarize your essay, but will not bring anything new. Get creative with the writing of your conclusion. Sit down and reflect on the topic.

How to start an essay

Before we talk about how to start writing an essay, we must repeat once again what kind of literary genre it is. Any textbook tells about the same thing: an essay, as a genre of literature, originated during the Renaissance.

If you cannot decide what to write, it means that the topic has not been studied enough by you, or is not at all unusual. The question of how to start an essay is directly related to understanding the topic, so even before starting work, you should decide on what you can and want to write about. Let the original essay be extensive, and the arguments vague, but all the thoughts that you have on this topic should be recorded. Do not be afraid of the words, their number, because when writing a large volume, the question that is closest to you will turn out by itself.

How to start

The structure of the essay is free, the arguments can be expressed even before the theses that will be formulated later, so you can write about everything you feel. The beginning can be completely arbitrary, but the more you write, the clearer the question starts being.

This is real creativity, it’s impossible to write something worth reading in an hour if you are not a genius of literature. Do not be afraid to get into the jungle of your chosen topic, perhaps there, in the depth of reasoning, there is something that no one before you could see.

There is another way to start writing an essay. You can choose a controversial aphorism. But again, your knowledge on this topic should be more in-depth than it is given in a school or university. In the course of writing an essay, you need to express your opinion on the subject of aphorism, and the argument you will use should be weighty.

It should not be forgotten that an essay is not a novel, the volume of which is very small. This means that all the expressions that you will use must be accurate, symbolic, and at the same time, you must be able to show your unique view on the subject under discussion.

What is classical education

Classical education is a secondary education based on the study of ancient languages ​​(Latin, Biblical Greek) and literature. The closest to classical education in content is now a philological education. Classical education is contrasted with real knowledge, which is aimed at studying the natural and exact sciences.

Modern classical education is based on the position that knowledge and skills from one area can be applied to another. At the forefront is becoming self-development and self-generation of new knowledge


As you might guess, the prerequisites for the establishment of classical education arose in ancient Greece and Rome. In ancient Rome, every free man was obliged to get an education, that is, be able to read and write in Latin, Greek, know classical literature, be able to speak in court or a public meeting, understand philosophy, mathematics, and music.

Strangely enough, the possession of various arts and crafts was not appreciated, but, on the contrary, was unacceptable for a free person, since manual labor was for slaves. Simple literacy (the ability to read and write) was widespread, even among slaves. But this did not prevent some slaves from being teachers in schools with a classical education.

In the Middle Ages, art became the basis of classical education. The concept of the seven Free Arts emerged: logic, rhetoric, grammar, arithmetic, geometry, music, astronomy. Arts were taught in Latin. Upon graduation, the student received a bachelor’s degree from universities.

But the total number of educated people in the Middle Ages was insignificant, which is associated with a general decline. Although the church encouraged the use of Latin in all matters, literature, worship, and science. The national language was often relegated to the background. But gradually the founding of many schools and universities contributed to the extensive classical education.

In New Time (mid 18th century), the need arose for a large number of widely educated cadres. The spread of the ideas of neohumanism contributed to the increase in the number of traditional educational institutions, which included high schools, grammar schools, and lyceums.

Classical education again ceased to be purely humanitarian, since mathematics and science entered the curriculum.